Woodpeckers are omnivorous birds that eat insects, berries, nuts, fruit and seeds. Woodpeckers hunt for insects by pecking on tree bark with their pointed beaks while grasping onto the tree with their sharp-clawed toes. The woodpecker’s tongue is up to 4 inches long in some species and is coated with a glue-like substance that allows it to catch insects easily.
Woodpeckers, which are found on every continent except for Australia, live in densely wooded areas and forests. They make their nests by using their sharp beaks to hollow out holes in trees. The average woodpecker pecks up to 20 times in a second.