Eagles eat many different kinds of food, such as salmon, catfish, herring, shad, crabs, muskrats, rabbits, reptiles, amphibians and even other birds. The eagle watches its prey and then dives down to grab it with either its talons or beak.
The bald eagle will often eat its food while it is alive or will enjoy it over a period of days. The bald eagle can survive without food for several weeks at a time. The primary staple of the bald eagle’s diet is fish and for this reason, bald eagles try to live as close to a large lake as they can. They also like to live near forested areas, making areas such as the East and West coastlines in the United States ideal habitats.