Humans, who trap parrots for sell in the wild bird trade, are major predators of parrots; other predators include monkeys and large birds. Parrots are also threatened by habitat degradation and are hunted for their food and their feathers in some parts of their range.
Of the 350 or so parrot species known to man, there are 130 species that are listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as near threatened or worse. There are also 16 parrot species that are classified as critically endangered, and 19 parrot species have gone extinct since the year 1600. One species of parrot that is listed as critically endangered, the New Caledonian lorikeet, has not been seen officially for the past century and may be extinct.